Of course, animals do not need to die en masse for abuse to take place. Every day, family pets are forced to suffer abuse that would be otherwise aimed at human family members, they are tied outside without food and water, or they are simply ignored to death. Combating animal abuse can be difficult, however.
In addition to the agendas shaping any efforts against it, no single legal definition exists for what constitutes domestic animal abuse. Because of this lack of a single definition, there can be no single form of prosecution.
Yet, the significance of animal abuse goes far beyond that of the obvious cruelty to animals. It can be used as a predictor for people who develop sociopathy and has been connected with the occurrence of domestic abuse in the home. This paper will be used to discuss some of the difficulties that are associated with defining and legislating domestic animal abuse.
It will also offer some discussion of the effects of this pervasive problem. Defining Domestic Animal Abuse Despite all of the annual occurrences of domestic animal abuse, there is no single definition for what constitutes such abuse. Using this reason any animal husbandry, from raising chickens for eggs, to keeping cows for milk, or any participation in the meat or fur industry constitutes abuse. Legal definitions of domestic animal abuse, or animal cruelty, are much broader than this very narrow stance.
Other states do not refer to what defines an animal at all. In addition, some states do not permit fish or shellfish to be included in the discussion. However, it is common to break cruelty to animals down into two broad categories: In general, neglect is treated as a minor offense if only one animal, or a small number of animals, is involved. The severity of the crime increases, however, with and increasingly large number of animals involved.
Such abuse is of greater concern than is passive animal abuse. Some forms of violent active animal abuse is associated with other crimes, such as domestic abuse or child abuse.
These abuses can also be used as a predictor of other crimes. Both of these observations will be expanded upon in a later section of this paper. All of these forms of animal abuse are serious issues, causing both concern and expense for the community as a whole.
Even animal hording, which is sometimes caricatured in movies—perhaps with an elderly female character with a house full of skinny, yowling cats—should be a matter of concern for society. Due to the hidden concerns of this form of abuse somewhat more discussion will be given to this form of abuse than the other three mentioned. Animal hoarding is a familiar to many of us; however, it is not always recognized for the problem that it is. However, according to Patronek, Loar, and Nathanson animal hoarding:.
It is responsible for substantial animal suffering and property damage. Often associated with adult self-neglect, animal hoarding can also place children, elders, and dependent adults at serious risk and can be an economic burden to taxpayers. It is characterized by four factors: Despite these common factors, however, animal hoarding is not a simple problem to contain. Because of the variability of situations in which a person might begin hoarding animals, these classifications are fluid and characteristics might overlap.
Sporting abuse is, fortunately, not as widespread as it was even years ago. Despite their cultural acceptance, blood sports such as bullfighting in Spain and pit sports, such as fighting dogs and wild hogs in the Southeastern United States, might still be considered animal abuse. Ritualistic abuse is considered above and beyond the ability to sacrifice animals in the practice of a religion. While religious animal sacrifice is not included in most animal abuse statutes, it is often carefully defined and controlled by the law.
Other forms of ritual animal killing is considered abuse and may be an indication that person committing the act has other serious psychological issues at work. For this reason, this kind of abuse is particularly disruptive to the community.
Animals cannot voluntarily decide to take a human being as a mate or not. This act of force is a violation of animal abuse laws in many nations Lockwood, However, it should be noted that stimulation of an animal to collect sperm for frozen or cold storage for the purposes of artificial insemination is not considered bestiality. While tail docking and ear cropping is currently legal in the United States, it is considered a form of animal mutilation in the United Kingdom. Germany, like the rest of the European Union, attaches a moral stance to the protection of animals through their laws.
This stance is in contrast to that of the United States, which protect animals in terms of property laws. Cross-breeding is done to develop breeds of cattle with desirable characters superior to that of the parents.
Cross-breeding of dairy animals is carried out to increase the capacity of production of milk. Indian cows have been cross-bred with exotic breeds to increase milk production. Two good varieties of cows have been developed by such cross-breeding. Considerable cross-breeding have been carried out using imported bulls during the last 50 years.
The Indian Sindhi cattle has been cross bred with the exotic european breeds like Holstein Friesian and Jersy. The progeny of these crosses have a better milk yielding capacity than their parents. Breeding period lasts for more than 10 months and reproduce regularly once in 15 to 20 months. Give birth to 8 calves during their life span. Lactation period lasts for more than 10 months. Some breeds yield upto kg of milk per year. It is a method by which semen fluid carrying spermatozoa is at first collected from a known bull and then the semen in required quantity is introduced mechanically into the reproductive tract of the cow.
In this method, the semen obtained from a single ejaculation emission of semen of a bull can be used to inseminate as many as cows. Recent techniques are now available to freeze and store the semen of cattle which could be used when there is a need.
Such frozen semen could be used to inseminate the cows all over the country as and when required. In artificial insemination healthy and superior variety of bulls can be used to inseminate a number of cows.
Hence, there is no need to transport the bulls for the purpose of insemination. Collected semen in vials is always available but not the required bulls needed for insemination. It is a technique by which gonadotropic hormone is injected into the female body and forcing the female to ovulate large number of ova. This technique is in use for cows. A selected high milk yielding donor cow is injected with the gonadotropic hormones to induce superovulation and the ova are fertilized by artificial insemination.
The fertilized ova are then used for transplantation. Embryo transplantation technique is being used to increase fertility in cattle. This technique involves transfer of embryo from a donor cow into the uterus of a carrier cow or surrogate cow for further development and birth. For this purpose, a high milk-yielding cow is given hormonal injections to induce superovulation.
Then, the cow is inseminated with the semen of a selected good quality bull to fertilize the superovulated ova. The developing embryos are collected from this cow and transplanted into surrogate cows for further development and finally giving birth to calf.
They could be used when needed. In vitro fertilization and embryo transfer IVF-HI technique was initially developed for the production of human test tube babies. This technique has been now adopted for the cattle also. By using this technique, hundreds of ova collected from selected donor cows ai e fertilized in the laboratory by frozen sperms of good variety bulls. The scientific name of Indian buffalo is Bubalus bubalis.
It is also commonly called as water buffalo. It is a subgenes of genus Bos to which cattle belongs under family Bovidae, order Artiodactyla and class Mammalia. In terms of number, the buffaloes constitute about one third of total cattle number in India.
The average milk production from one buffalo is about kg per year as against kg per year by a cow. Buffaloes possess a greater resistance to diseases and have a long life span. Buffalo hide is an important raw material for the leather industry. The outer skin of buffalo hide is about 3 to 5 times stronger than that of cattle hide. Among the seven breeds, the best known breeds of Indian buffaloes are the Murrah, Jaffabadi, Bhadawari and Surti.
While the milk breeds are found in Punjab, Rajasthan and Gujarat, draught breeds are mainly confined to Central and South India. The uterine and ovarian cycle of the buffalo is 21 days. The duration of heat is usually 11 days. The female buffaloes show sign of heat at night, attains maximum at mid night. The oestrous symptoms become very weak during the hot dry months April to June and are known as silent-heat.
The length of gestation or baby carrying period of buffaloes varies between and; days, but on an average it lasts for days or 10 months. In India the breeding season starts from September and continues upto February and calving season giving birth to calf from July to November. During breeding season the bulls become very active sexually and female buffaloes show maximum ovarian activity.
Improved breed of buffaloes are being produced by Artificial insemination in numerous A. In milch buffaloes, the lactation period is about days. Calf mortality in buffaloes generally occurs during autumn and winter months before the age of 3 months. The death occurs due to diseases like pneumonia, enteritis, hepatitis, ascariasis and bloat. The calves also suffer from diarrhoea, dysentery etc. The buffaloes have lower heat tolerance.
For this reason they dip themselves in water to cool their body during summer. Buffaloes consume large quantity of coarse fodder which are not readily eaten by cattle. According to live stock census, India has more than 41 million sheep and more than 80 million goats. Goats are reared for milk, meat, skin and wool. Droppings of sheep and goats are a valuable source of manure. In India, the wool yielding sheep are primarily concentrated in dry part of Rajasthan, Kutch, Saurashtra and North Gujarat.
For breeding it is essential to select ewes female sheep and ram male sheep or goats which are found most suitable for local conditions. Different breeds are known for quality of wool and mutton or meat yield. Improvement of local breeds with respect to the quality and quantity of wool can be achieved through cross-breeding with exotic breeds high yielding imported breed of sheep like Dorset Horn, Suffolk Correidale or Merino. Sheep are economical converter of grass into meat and wool.
Unlike goats, they hardly damage tree. Sheep dung is a valuable fertiliser. Since they feed on different kinds of plants, they are considered as important weed destroyer. Sheep farming is not a costly affair as it does not require expensive building and maintenance. Pigs constitute one of the most useful domestic animals of man.
Pig meat is called pork. It is comparatively cheaper and is mostly taken by the poor. Pig hide is used as leather and its bristles are used for making brushes. The fat obtained from the pig is used for soap manufacture. Pig dropping faecal matter is a good source of nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium for agriculture. From the pig meat or pork ham, bacon and sausages are prepared. The management of pig is called piggery.
Pigs feed on garbage, kitchen waste, vegetables and human excreta.
Some animals live in the houses of men. These are called domestic animals. Men keep them for milk, food, hunting, riding, tilling the land and for many other useful services to them. The cow, the dog, the buffalo, the horse, the sheep, the goat, the camel, the donkey, the elephant, etc. are domestic animals.
Aug 07, · The 'Domestic Animals' are the animals that have been tamed and kept by humans as a work animal, food source or pet. There are different kinds of domestic animals. Cow, buffalo, sheep, goat, dog, cat, elephant, horse, camel, cock, hen, parrot, pigeon are some example of domestic binclouddownloadernl.ga: All Essay.
Animals used to be used as beasts of burden or for meat,depending on the type. Dogs primarily provided security, and cats provided pest control. Dogs are sometimes still used for security, and livestock are still food, but for the most part,the pets we have are companions and nothing else. Domestic animals or livestock is the backbone of Indian agriculture. Cattle, sheep, pigs, camels and horses constitute the livestock wealth of our country. Bullocks, camels and horses provide the power for cultivation and transportation. Buffaloes and cows provide milk. Sheep and goat provide wool, leather and meat. Pigs are a source of animal .
Mule is a offspring of a male donkey and a mare. It is an excellent pack-animal. It carries loads along the mountain tracks. Cock: Cock is a common kind of domestic bird. It wears a red crest on its head. This crest is known as the cock’s comb. The cock is an early riser. Many people rise at the time of cock-crow. Essay on domestic animals - Allow the specialists to do your homework for you. Cooperate with our writers to get the quality coursework following the requirements If you need to find out how to make a perfect essay, you have to study this.