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The long term and short term causes of World War 1 Essay

Causes of the First World War

❶Significantly, the Anglo-German Naval Race was over by

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I am most grateful to have his kind permission to include it on the web site. However historians feel that a number of factors contributed to the rivalry between the Great powers that allowed war on such a wide-scale to break out.

A major historical debate still rages about who has the ultimate responsibility for the outbreak of war. Germany and Austria are usually regarded as the main culprits.

However unlike World War Two there is no one easily identifiable bad guy! Before Europe's main powers were divided into two armed camps by a series of alliances.

Although these alliances were defensive in nature, they meant that any conflict between one country from each alliance was bound to involve the other countries. The fact that Germany faced a war on two fronts greatly influenced her actions during the July Crisis. By Italy was only a nominal member of the Triple Alliance. She had concluded a secret treaty with France by which she promised to stay neutral if Germany attacked France and when war broke out she stayed out.

This meant that Germany had only one dependable ally, Austria-Hungary. In all of the Great powers, military spending increased greatly in the years prior to the war. All except Britain had conscription. France had the highest proportion of its population in the army. The armies of both France and Germany had more than doubled between and The rivalry between the powers led to a building up of weapons and an increase in distrust. Colonial rivalry had led to a naval arms race between Britain and Germany.

This had seriously worsened relations between both countries. The British-German dispute also led to greater naval co-operation between Britain and France. The launch of HMS Dreadnought in made matters worse. This ship was fast, heavily armoured with powerful guns and it made all previous battleships obsolete. Allied to this growing militarism was an intense nationalism in most of the Great powers. Weltpolitik or the desire for world power status was very popular in Germany.

The French desire for revenge over Alsace and Lorraine was very strong. In Britain Imperialism and support for the Empire was very evident. This nationalism meant that there was little resistance to war in these countries. Many welcomed what they thought would be a short, victorious war. For example the outbreak of war was greeted by cheering crowds in Berlin, Vienna and Paris. Because of the nature of the Alliances most countries had war plans that involved rapid movement of troops when war broke out.

This made it very difficult to stop mobilisation of troops once it had begun and gave the military in each country a very important role in any decision-making. For example the Kaiser lost control of events and said to his generals when they made the decision to mobilise "Gentlemen, you will regret this. The famous German war plan, the Schlieffen Plan , relied on the quick movement of troops and the assumption that once Germany found itself at war with Russia, it would also be at war with France.

It also meant that once Germany declared war on Russia in August , she would also have to attack France. However in invading France, Belgium's neutrality was violated and this brought Britain into the war. Once the first steps towards mobilisation were taken, everyone assumed that it would be fatal to stand still while their potential enemies moved forward.

Between and there had been three major crises between the great powers. These crises exposed the differences between the powers and reinforced the hostility between them.

Two were over Morocco , and the other was over the Austrian annexation of Bosnia The move was designed to test the strength of the recent Anglo-French entente.

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Present to your audience Start remote presentation. Do you really want to delete this prezi? Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again. Comments 0 Please log in to add your comment. Thesis There were five main causes of World War 1 which can be divided into two categories: The competition caused rivalry for materials and markets.

It also causes territorial disputes. Imperialism Imperialism causes competition over colonies, then evokes into rivalry. This was seen in the 's with Africa, many European nations were fighting for a "piece" of Africa. Many of these nations lacked colonies so this was an important chance to gain one.

This made tensions in Europe high allowing war to easily claim these lands.

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There were five main causes of World War 1 which can be divided into two categories: long term causes; such as nationalism and imperialism, and short term causes; such as rise of militarily, alliances created and the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand Long Term Cause: Nationalism Nationalism in the early s causes competition among Germany, Austria-Hungary, Great Britain, Russia, Italy, and .

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The four long term causes of World War 1, Imperialism, Nationalism, Alliances and Militarism all worked to put all of Europe on edge, and with all countries having great hostility towards each other. They stimulated hate, conflict and distrust between nations and alliances. M.A.I.N Long Term Causes of WW1 by Caroline Ella 1. ALLIANCES Purposes To ensure safety & protection between countries in case of war/threat To keep peace within Europe.

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However unlike World War Two there is no one easily identifiable bad guy! Below are some of the main long-term causes that are identified by historians: The System of Alliances / rivalry between the powers. long-term causes of world war i World War I began in June of , and is considered to have five major causes that led to the outbreak of the war. These five causes include the four long-term causes (militarism, alliances, imperialism and nationalism) discussed in this reading and one short-term cause (the assassination of Franz Ferdinand).