For short papers using class texts, footnotes are not necessary; it is sufficient to make parenthetical references, such as Meno 77b. Write until you have said what you need to say, not until you hit the page limit. The problem should be to confine your paper to the page limit, not to stretch out your paper to the minimum required. You may end up with a first draft that is too long, but at a later stage you can go back through your work and see whether there are sentences or paragraphs that are not really necessary or that can be made more concise.
The point is that you will be better able to evaluate what is truly important if you have included everything on your first draft. Finally, do not try to compose your paper, from start to finish, in one session — especially not the night before it is due.
Make sure that you have the chance to write a first draft and then let it percolate for awhile. Very few people are able to dash off a good paper in one sitting! Do briefly tell your reader what your paper is about and what your main thesis is. Notice that there is a difference between telling your reader what you are going to talk about and telling your reader what you will argue. In the Meno , Meno presents Socrates with a paradox about inquiry.
Thus, we reach the paradoxical conclusion that inquiry is impossible. In what follows, I will argue that Socrates does not adequately defend his theory of recollection. The second of these introductions is superior to the first. Notice that only the second presents an actual thesis statement. Sometimes you will be in a better position to write an introduction after you have written the main body of your paper, for you will then have a better idea of what your argument really is.
You have written a short paper; the reader recalls your argument and will only be annoyed if you repeat yourself. Do find some nice way of wrapping up your essay. This does not mean that you should claim that every facet of the issue has been addressed. Sometimes a conclusion sets out problems that still remain. Make sure that you do not claim that you have shown more than have actually shown in your paper.
It is especially tempting to exaggerate your accomplishments in a grand-finale-style concluding paragraph; resist this temptation. For example, here is a conclusion that avoids exaggeration: However, as I have argued, we cannot generalize from the case of geometrical knowledge to knowledge of other sorts of facts.
Thus, Socrates fails to provide an adequate reason to believe his claim that all learning is recollection. The principal virtue in philosophical writing is clarity. As you reread each sentence of your draft, ask yourself: As you re-read your paper, think about whether it is organized in the best way.
Would it be more effective if this paragraph went here, and that one went there? Very often, our first efforts need a rather serious structural overhaul. Also, look for opportunities to improve your paper, such as adding an example here, rewriting an awkward sentence there, and so on…. Proofread your paper carefully. Spelling mistakes and grammatical errors can distract a reader and divert her attention from your argument.
Very often, what distinguishes an excellent paper from a merely decent paper is the depth and quality of their explanations. The decent paper may not make any obvious mistakes or omit anything crucial; it often just does not communicate its message as clearly and effectively as the excellent paper does. Thus, always try to find ways of strengthening your explanations. Examples will help here. If you have a strong desire, the whole Universe will help you to make your dreams come true.
Spiritual growth is a constant widening of our knowledge and experience. Life sense helps people to survive. If we loose it, we start thinking of suicide and each of us finds own reasons for it. Despair and crucial life events make people think there is nothing worth living for and no opportunities to realize. But sense in life shows us the way to overcome difficulties and move forward. These concepts are often mixed up, as the majority of people consider that karma means fate, but I think it is far from truth.
According to a widely spread opinion, fate is an unchangeable predetermination of life obstacles usually negative ones. As for me, I reject such views. No doubt that people are able to change karma, as everything depends on their personal strength and choice. Many people think that together with their belief in karma, they should accept the idea of reincarnation. But I think that one should not necessarily believe in reincarnation in order to understand karma.
In other words, one builds his life on his own. I believe in it and feel myself responsible for everything that happens in my life. The concept of karma implies that people have wide choices in life. I create my karma, rule my own life, and can change everything for the better. In other words I can explain karma as following: Pleasure and pain are caused by our virtuous and evil actions.
Having read much about different religions, I understood that the faith in its true meaning should be inside us. No matter whether a person visits church or not, he should choose either to believe in God or not on his own. I respect all religious streams and accept certain ideas from all of them. The belief in constant return to this world is somehow closer to me. In every religion one may find something close to his outlook. Christians believe that humans have two specific peculiarities.
God is considered to be good; it means that people are also good-natured. Second aspect is that we live to enjoy spiritual relationship with God, through praying and visiting church. Religion is something personal. Human beings tend to widen their life philosophy and experience, and learn more about this world. As a result among the representatives of humanity, there is a great variety of life understanding. This understanding is our religion.
Some people see the Universe as something chaotic and senseless. Others think that humanity lives in the world with numerous laws and if we break those laws, it would bring us misfortune and destruction.
No matter what views people have, I consider it to be religion. I understand that an attempt to investigate love is connected with a great mystery. I think that for the majority of people love defines happiness. Love means being open to everything positive in this world care, attention, joy , and negative either grieve, gloom and disappointment. When people fall in love, they see world around from a new side. Anxiety and gladness are directly related to love. I mean that at first a person is anxious about whether his beloved shares his feelings or not.
When a person deals with unrequited love, he is at least able to continue his usual everyday existence. Love reminds us of death. When one of our friends or close relatives dies, we understand how fleeting, ephemeral and irretrievable our life is. Past years will never return. What is not said or done will remain in the past forever and there is nothing to do with it. May be for this reason people try to take all chances and opportunities, provided by fate.
I doubt we would be able to love, if we knew that we would never die. Love is the complete addiction to another person. When I fell in love, I began to look at this world through the eyes of my beloved. Love acts like a drug. It occupies thoughts, reason and time. Being away from beloved is extremely crucial for a person in love. Faithful love is happiness; happiness is sense of life.
Even though, being apart from beloved may be dreadful and unbearable, it would strengthen feelings and remind of past happy days. People, who fear to live and love sincerely, would never feel happy and satisfied. One can talk for hours, answering this question. In fact happiness is to see that close people, parents, beloved and friends are happy.
True happiness is when you are able to help other people and make them happy. Someone would say that they feel happy when their personal desires and wishes are fulfilled. Our personal satisfaction is temporary happiness. People think they would be happy if they earn much money or achieve higher position in life.
One should value each moment if he really wants to be happy. Nobody cares how much money you have. The thing that matters is happiness of people around. By helping other people, fulfilling their needs and dreams, we would become happier ourselves.
What does moral mean? Moral is a system of views and norms, which occupy the concepts of good and evil, justice, conscience and sense of life. Moral helps people to move forward on the way to self-improvement. Moral defines certain values, which regulate human behavior. Each person is free to decide whether to follow this system of norms or not. According to good or evil actions people would be later judged by society and God. For example, according to moral norms one should help weak people.
Originally it shows human kindness and readiness to sacrifice certain things for the sake of other people. But different people have different motives of virtuous actions. Some people help others because they want to be altruistic in public eyes. Other people follow the Commandments of God. Still others help weak people hoping for approval in society.
- The Life & Philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche Philosophy Class Essay Born: Rocken, Germany Died: Weimar, Germany Major Works: The Gay Science (), Thus Spoke Zarathustra (), Beyond Good & Evil (), On the Genealogy of Morals (), MAJOR IDEAS Self deception is a particularly destructive characteristic of West Culture.
A persons philosophy will vary depending on ones life experience. I believe that no two people will have seen life in the same way. There would be many people that have similar philosophy on life but none of them would be exactly the same. I will share my ideas and thoughts on what is my philosophy of life.
B.J. Gupta Philosophy of Life And Other Essays By. B.J. Gupta B.J. Gupta gets right to the point in his book “Philosophy of life”. He does not use outlandish sentences and problematical paragraphs to explain what he is saying. My Philosophy of Life: Metaphysics Essay Words | 8 Pages. What is meant by Metaphysics? Metaphysics is a branch of philosophy that deals with the nature of reality, including the relationship between mind and matter, substance and attribute, fact and value. The central branch of metaphysics is known as ontology.
I have no single philosophy for life, but rather three philosophies. Each of which has different meaning. My three philosophies include the following: work hard, take pride in myself and the accomplishments that I make, and also everyone is on this planet for a reason. In my research paper I want to express my views on several sides of human life. I’d like to attract attention to such concepts as sense of life and happiness, good and evil, morality and faith in God, love and death, eternal life values, karma and religion.