At the same time, the war of words between Achilles and Agamemnon is skillful overcome by the death of Patroclus. Achilles meets head-on with Hector at the walls of Troy where Achilles slays his archrival Hector and in order to avenge the dead of Patroclus, he drags the body of Hector in circles around the Patroclus bier. There remains a cordially and sometimes ironical but consistent relationship between the gods and men fighting in the battlefront just before the walls of Troy.
God Apollo purposely approached the Patriarch Zeus to convince Achilles to stop dragging the dead body of Hector and return it for proper burial and accession to the next world. King Priam close encounter with immortal Hermes is quite extraordinary since after paying the ransom to Achilles, overtaken by grief Achilles and King Priam wept until they slept. Hermes is responsible for waking up King Priam to walk out of the enemy camp without anyone noticing the event.
Hermes is a trickster who helped King Priam to walk to Achilles camp without being noticed by the rest of the Greeks. Moreover, Hermes is dressed like one of the Myrmidon soldiers who are under the care of Achilles. Tracing back the roots of ancestors, Achilles is the son of Peleus and grandson of Zeus. King Priam invokes the power of Peleus in order to win the favour of Achilles to accept the ransom in exchange for the corpse of Hector.
Generally, King Priam used the power of pathos to gain Achilles confidence in the matter before the transaction went through Rabel Zeus is the King of all gods and husband to Hera who is his sister. Zeus is neutral to mortal beings activities and usually advises all gods to keep off mortal combat. Nevertheless, Zeus eventually supports Trojans. Nevertheless, Hera who is convinced that his husband is unfair throws her weight behind the Greeks together with goddess Athena to eliminate the Trojans.
The Achaeans gain supported from many immortals like Poseidon who hurled water at the city of Troy since they did not consider paying him sacrifices after he helped the Trojans built their city. On the contrary, Apollo, who is the son of Zeus and twin brother to goddess of hunt Artemis support the Trojans together with Zeus their father. Equally, the god of war Ares steps in to help Trojans. Equally, Hera sent a fog to confuse escaping Trojan soldiers for the advancing Achilles to devour them in the swirling river, which was borne out of immortal Zeus.
Goddess Hera, the witty Queen of immortals deceives the all-seeing Zeus into sleeping with him in the mountains away from the war in order to help the Achaeans gain advantage over the Trojans who were sponsored by Zeus.
Sweet Sleep who is also an immortal entity that beckoned on Poseidon to call on the Achaeans to wake up, organize and fight. Kings of Achaeans, Agamemnon, Diomedes and Odysseus moved their warriors into action with Poseidon leading the army with a sword to execute the worst battle scene in which Ajax hit Hector with a stone that made him reel and drop down until he was picked and put on his horse behind the battle line to avoid death.
For instance, Book I opens with Achilles' anger over having been denied Briseis, whom he considers his share of the plunder after a victory. Although women create plot devices like this, they possess no real power in Greek society, which could be further supported with more evidence from the story. On the other hand, men represent power and physical prowess, so Paris's failure to follow through with his initial challenge creates struggle between himself and his brother as well as with Helen.
This attitude about men's roles could make an effective essay. The role the gods play in the war and the Greeks' lives makes an interesting paper topic. Focus on how the gods instigate or further the conflicts, such as Apollo sending the plague that opens "The Iliad" and causes Achilles' loss of Briseis, or examine which gods seem to be the most powerful.
A sample thesis could be, "The events of Homer's 'The Iliad' would have transpired very differently without divine intervention. For instance, in Book IX, Achilles contemplates going home but decides to stay because leaving would cause a loss of fame. Similarly, you could write about how warfare seems to be the first choice for these characters rather than a last resort, that glory for these men comes from a heroic death. The meaning of "hero" in such context makes another potential topic.
Consider if Achilles fulfills the requirements to be a hero: Now he fights not for glory or out of envy, but because he simply cannot live until he kills his foe. Grief and rage have become inextricably linked for Achilles, and war is no longer a noble or glorious endeavor but simply the symptom of incomprehensible loss.
The tension between the glory of war and its simultaneous costs fuels The Iliad, as characters must constantly grapple with the difficult, arduous choices their culture demands of them. In this way, it resembles another central theme in The Iliad: The Iliad ultimately depicts a deeply dualistic world, where glory must be balanced with agony and individual action with a lack of ultimate control.
The Iliad has remained a touchstone for Western culture because it honestly explores essential conflicts of the human condition without condescending to its readers by providing easy answers.
Character List Achilles Agamemnon Hector.
Free iliad papers, essays, and research papers. Gilgamesh, The Iliad, And The Aeneid - Even though the Aeneid shares many features with the Homeric epic, as an epic it is diverse in significant ways.
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The Iliad essay sample: The Iliad by Homer is an epic poem that was set at the time of the Trojan War. The epic poem retells the events and the battles between Troy . The Iliad Essay Words | 6 Pages. The Iliad The Iliad is the first written document, of anything. Never before the Iliad was the tool of writing used to such an extent. The Iliad is a marvelous piece of work. Great in its fame and content, the Iliad was used as the first .
Iliad literature essays are academic essays for citation. These papers were written primarily by students and provide critical analysis of Iliad. Aug 23, · Is there a “heroic code” that guides the decisions of the characters in The Iliad? Discuss the values of the Homeric hero, paying particular attention to contrasting characters such as Achilles, Odysseus, Paris, and Hector.